Aquaculture & Fisheries Biotechnology

Aquaculture and Marine Biotechnology

 

Aquaculture & Marine Biotechnology programme was initiated during 1988-89 to support R&D and demonstration nature projects towards development of useful products and process from the marine resources. It is an important sector of food production providing nutritional security, besides livelihood support, gainful employment and its contribution towards agricultural exports. There have been continuous and sustained increments in fish production in the past few decades. Fish and fish products have presently emerged as the largest group in agricultural exports from India. The department has made concerted efforts towards developing newer diagnostics and therapeutics, improvement in aqua feed, developing novel cell lines etc. through the adoption of molecular tools and techniques. The broad areas of research of programme are fish genomics, transcriptomics, diagnostics, therapeutics, marine ornamental aquaculture, marine bioprospecting etc. The department is also putting its efforts to establish the centres of excellence in theme based areas of Aquaculture and Marine Biotechnology to boost up the sector in research and development. The aim of the programme is to enhance aquaculture production, productivity and development of useful products and processes from marine resources for the benefit of the society.

Objectives

  • Development of diagnostics and vaccines for major diseases in aquaculture
  • Development of culture technology in non-traditional species and front-line demonstrations to prove techno-economic viability of aquaculture production system
  • Improved aspects on new feed development, fish nutrition, breeding and reproduction, post-harvest management and value addition for enhancement of aquaculture productivity
  • Fish genomics, proteomics and transcriptomics of Indian aquaculture species
  • Development of in vitro tissue/ cell culture system in various aquaculture species
  • Marine pharmaceuticals, biomaterials, bio-adhesives, bio-flocculent, bio-surfactants, medical implants, biopolymers, bio-plastics, novel enzymes, biosensors and bioremediation
  • Fish transgenics for therapeutic and ornamentals & Marine extremophiles
  • Programme support/ Centre of excellence in Aquaculture & Marine Biotechnology
  • Training support in Molecular Biology for Fisheries Professionals

 

 

New Initiatives

  • Whole genome sequencing of Tor Khudree, a fresh water fish; Etroplus suratensis, a brackish/fresh water fish and Perna viridis, an Asian green mussel.
  • Optimization of larval production of selected marine fish through microbiome manipulation and, supplementation of essential nutritional components to up-regulate growth and immune genes.

Significant Highlights and Achievements

  • E. G. Silas Centre of Excellence has been funded for Fish Nutrigenomics and microbiome at CMFRI, Kochi
  • Whole genome sequencing of two commercially important Fish-Rohu (Labeo rohita) and Magur (Clarias batrachus) was completed. Reference proteome map for Rohu has also been developed by proteomic profiling.

  • Triploidy was succesfully induced in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) which led to 40- 46% hatching rate and 57-68% survival upto swim up fry stage.
  • Seven potent antimicrobial peptides which showed activity against the septicemial pathogens Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas aeruginosa were isolated from marine actinomycetes.
  • A total of 75 fish cell lines have been kept at National repository of fish cell lines for long term storage. 10 new cell lines have been developed from Mozambique tilapia and cold-water fish, Oncorhynchus mykiss, for the first time in India.
  • National fish viral repository was established for molecular screening, cell culture based isolation and characterization of finfish and shellfish viruses.
  • Herbal extract (Herbal immunostimulant feed, HIM) was developed from plant extracts having strong antiviral activity against white spot syndrome virus (WSSV).
  • A surgery based viable alternative to harvest the spermatozoa for artificial fertilization and seed production, without sacrificing C. magur males was developed.
  • The “ICAR-NBFGR & DBT Germplasm resource centre for marine ornamental invertebrates” wasestablished on the premises of the CMLRE field station at Agatti island, Lakshadweep.

Success Stories

 

Contacts Concerned Officer for more Information

Programme Head Dr. Nitin Kumar Jain, Scientist F
Email nitink[dot]jain[at]nic[dot]in
Phone No. 011-24365972
Programme Officer Dr. Addanki Vamsi krishna, Scientist E
Email vk[dot]addanki[at]nic[dot]in
Phone No. 011-24363725
Attached Officer Dr. Lokesh Kumar Narnoliya, Scientist C
Email lokesh[dot]narnoliya[at]dbt[dot]nic[dot]in
Phone No. 011-24360295
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